On This Day: September 24th

September 24th:

1789- US Federal Judiciary Act passes, creating a six-person Supreme Court

1950- Operation Magic Carpet concludes after having transported 45,000 Yemenite Jews to Israel

1493- Christopher Columbus embarks on his second expedition to the New World, setting sail with a fleet of 17 ships

1625- Dutch attack San Juan, Puerto Rico

1657- 1st autopsy and coroner’s jury verdict is recorded in Maryland

1683- King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French possessions in America

1786- African American slave and poet Jupiter Hammon makes his “Address to the Negroes of the State of New York” speech advocating emancipation at meeting of African Society in NY

1789- US Attorney General Office is created

1862- Confederate Congress adopts confederacy seal

1883- National black convention meets in Louisville, Kentucky

1889- Alexander Dey patents dial time recorder

1919- Boston Red Sox slugger Babe Ruth sets MLB season home run record at 28 off Yankee Bob Shawkey in a 2-1 loss at the Polo Grounds in NYC

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: September 17th

September 17th:

1862- Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil

1787- The US Constitution is signed by delegates at the Philadelphia Convention

1394- Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI

1683- Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria

1849- Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

1859- James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary

1861- First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).

1862- American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.

1947- Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News

1954- “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding is published by Faber and Faber in London

1956- Television is first broadcast in Australia.

1964- “Bewitched” premieres on ABC TV

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: September 10th

September 10th:

2020- California’s August Complex wildfire becomes largest recorded in state history at 471,000 acres (736 square miles)

1977- Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by Guillotine in France

1547- English demand Edward VI (10) wed Mary Queen of Scots (5)

1608- John Smith elected president of Jamestown colony council, Virginia

1845- King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange

1872- Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

1882- 1st international conference to promote anti-semitism meets Dresden Germany (Congress for Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests)

1933- 1st Negro League All-Star Game, West beats East 11-7 (Comiskey Park)

1939- Canada, under the leadership of Mackenzie King, declares war on Germany

1945- Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis

1953- Swanson sells its 1st “TV dinner”

1960- Abebe Bikila runs Olympic/World record marathon (2:15:16.2)

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: September 3rd

September 3rd:

1944- Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

1939- World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada

1189- Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation – Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed

1543- Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland

1697- King William’s War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick

1752- Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives

1777- Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch’s Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War

1791- French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly

1838- Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor

1891- Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas

1916- US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

1929- Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches all time high of 381.17, to be shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: August 27th

August 27th:

1883- Krakatoa volcano, west of Java in Indonesia, erupts with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

1979- 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, cousin of Queen Elizabeth II and last Viceroy of India, is killed along with three companions, two of them children by the IRA when his boat is blown up near Sligo, Ireland

1610- Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia

1776- British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island

1782- Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, North Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

1813- Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

1859- 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Pennsylvania, by Edwin Drake

1883- Krakatoa volcano, west of Java in Indonesia, erupts with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

1910- Using twenty 137,000 candlepower arc lights, 2 amateur baseball teams play a night game at White Sox Park

1916- Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary

1918- Spanish flu arrives in Boston, beginning of the second wave and deadliest wave in the US

1942- Soviet woman sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko arrives in Washington D.C., the 1st Soviet citizen welcomed at the White House, by Eleanor Roosevelt

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: August 20th

August 20th:

1619- 1st known African Americans in English North America (approx. 20) land at Point Comfort (Fort Monroe), Virginia. They are then sold or traded into servitude.

1866- President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over

1597- 1st Dutch East India Company ships return from the Far East

1672- Former Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis are brutally murdered by an angry mob in The Hague.

1781- George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis

1896- Dial telephone patented

1908- America’s Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to be greeted with a tremendous welcome; 221 American sailors desert to remain in Australia

1913- 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)

1920- 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting

1920- Israel publishes its first medical journal “Ha-Refuah”

1939- 1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Assoc)

1940- Louis Buchalter is indicted on murder charges in Los Angeles for the killing of Harry Greenberg, a mob associate of casino owner Meyer Lansky and mobster Bugsy Siegel

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: August 13th

August 13th:

1942- The ‘Manhattan Project’ commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim – to deliver an atomic bomb

1642- Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap

1553- Spanish theologian and physician Michael Servetus arrested as a heretic in Geneva (put on trial the next day, eventually found guilty of heresy and burned to death)

1784- British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government.

1868- Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages in Peru & Ecuador

1889- William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut patents the coin-operated telephone

1906- Black soldiers accused of raid Brownsville, Texas; despite support from local commanding officers, President Theodore Roosevelt orders dishonorable discharge for 167 soldiers; all were cleared of wrong-doing in 1972, 165 posthumously

1914- Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota

1920- Flag designed by Marcus Garvey consisting of three horizontal stripes of red, black and green is adopted as the pan-African flag

1923- US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day

1932- Adolf Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg’s proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

1935- Roller derby is born when the Transcontinental Roller Derby begins at the Chicago Coliseum

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: August 6th

August 6th:

1945- Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress “Enola Gay”

1965- US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act prohibiting voting discrimination against minorities

1497- Italian explorer John Cabot returns to Bristol from North America (Newfoundland) – first European to do so since the Vikings

1825- Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)

1845- The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg

1861- US Congress passes First Confiscation Act

1864- Confederate forces evacuate Fort Powell in Mobile Bay, Alabama

1896- France annexes Madagascar

1914- WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia

1919- 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)

1926- American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female

1939- 1st broadcast of “Dinah Shore Show” on NBC-radio

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: July 30th

July 30th:

1863- Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah

1935- 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution

1646- English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions

1729- City of Baltimore founded

1863- President Abraham Lincoln issues “eye-for-eye” order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot

1872- Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy

1902- Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC)

1928- George Eastman shows first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

1945- After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-58. 880 of the crew died, many after being attacked by sharks, the inspiration for the movie Jaws.

1954- Elvis Presley joins the Memphis Federation of Musicians, Local 71

1956- US motto “In God We Trust” authorized

1966- US airplanes bombs demilitarized zone in Vietnam

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea

On This Day: July 23rd

July 23rd:

1840- Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada

1829- William Austin Burt patents America’s first “typographer” (typewriter)

1726- Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia

1858- Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament

1872- African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

1877- 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations

1904- Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair – the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches

1942- Adolf Hitler’s Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad

1956- Joe Cronin & Hank Greenberg inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame

1961- American opera singer Grace Bumbry becomes the first black singer to perform at the Bayreuth Festival, Germany, she earns 42 curtain calls

1966- Frank Sinatra’s album “Strangers In The Night” is No. 1 on the US charts, (Grammy for Record Of The Year and Best Male Vocal Performance)

1973- US President Richard Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation

My source and more facts at On This Day

Follow me everywhere: https://linktr.ee/StarsBooksAndTea