On This Day: August 6th

August 6th:

1945- Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress “Enola Gay”

1965- US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act prohibiting voting discrimination against minorities

1497- Italian explorer John Cabot returns to Bristol from North America (Newfoundland) – first European to do so since the Vikings

1825- Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)

1845- The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg

1861- US Congress passes First Confiscation Act

1864- Confederate forces evacuate Fort Powell in Mobile Bay, Alabama

1896- France annexes Madagascar

1914- WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia

1919- 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)

1926- American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female

1939- 1st broadcast of “Dinah Shore Show” on NBC-radio

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On This Day: July 30th

July 30th:

1863- Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah

1935- 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution

1646- English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions

1729- City of Baltimore founded

1863- President Abraham Lincoln issues “eye-for-eye” order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot

1872- Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy

1902- Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC)

1928- George Eastman shows first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

1945- After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-58. 880 of the crew died, many after being attacked by sharks, the inspiration for the movie Jaws.

1954- Elvis Presley joins the Memphis Federation of Musicians, Local 71

1956- US motto “In God We Trust” authorized

1966- US airplanes bombs demilitarized zone in Vietnam

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On This Day: July 23rd

July 23rd:

1840- Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada

1829- William Austin Burt patents America’s first “typographer” (typewriter)

1726- Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia

1858- Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament

1872- African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

1877- 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations

1904- Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair – the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches

1942- Adolf Hitler’s Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad

1956- Joe Cronin & Hank Greenberg inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame

1961- American opera singer Grace Bumbry becomes the first black singer to perform at the Bayreuth Festival, Germany, she earns 42 curtain calls

1966- Frank Sinatra’s album “Strangers In The Night” is No. 1 on the US charts, (Grammy for Record Of The Year and Best Male Vocal Performance)

1973- US President Richard Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation

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On This Day: July 16th

July 16th:

1940- Adolf Hitler orders preparations for the invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

1519- Public debate between Martin Luther and theologian Johann Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, during which Luther denies the divine right of the Pope

1429- Joan of Arc and the French army enter the city of Rheims

1755- John Adams graduates Harvard

1798- US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized

1894- Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners

1926- National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos

1936- 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY

1942- French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris

1945- 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project

1987- Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

1990- Civil trial by parents of Suicide victims against Judas Priest begins

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On This Day: July 9th

July 9th:

1868- Louisiana and South Carolina are the last states to ratify the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing civil rights

1893- Daniel Williams repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient, James Cornish, without penicillin or blood transfusion

1755- British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during Battle of Fort Duquesne during French and Indian War

1776- Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington’s troops in New York

1795- James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt

1860- Temperature hits 115°F in Fort Scott and 112°F in Topeka, Kansas

1872- Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine

1955- Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

1981- Nintendo releases arcade game Donkey Kong in Japan (July 31 in the US)

1995- US international postage rates rise to 60 cents per ounce

1996- US Senate approves 90 cent raise to $4.25 minimum wage

2002- The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.

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On This Day: July 2nd

July 2nd:

1964- US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law

1990- 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death after a panic in a tunnel in Mecca, Saudi Arabia

1505- After an encounter with a violent thunderstorm, Martin Luther declares that he will become a monk

1681- Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high treason

1776- Continental Congress resolves “these United Colonies are and of right ought to be Free and Independent States”

1843- An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

1881- US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield dies 79 days later

1901- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

1903- National League MLB batting champion Ed Delahanty, disappears after being removed from a train by force, found dead at bottom of Niagara Falls 2 weeks later

1927- Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500

1928- British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 – the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)

1937- Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear flying over the Pacific Ocean en route to Howland Island. Noonan is declared dead the following year, and Earhart is declared the year after (1939)

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On This Day: June 25th

June 25th:

1929- US President Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)

1876- Battle of the Little Bighorn: US 7th Cavalry under Brevet Major General George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne warriors led by Chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull in what has become famously known as “Custer’s Last Stand”

1096- 1st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany

1183- Peace of Konstanz signed between Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Italian Lombard League

1500- Pope Alexander VI accept Treaty of Granada

1580- Book of Concord, standards of Lutheran Church, 1st published

1638- Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies

1672- 1st recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US held at Sandwich, Massachusetts

1788- Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution

1868- Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina readmitted to US

1868- US President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hr day

1938- US federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week

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On This Day: June 18th

June 18th:

A very special happy birthday to my Uncle Chris. He’s been through so much in life, but he keeps such a positive attitude. I love him and hope he has a special day.

1928- American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

1812- War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

1541- Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland

1682- William Penn founds Philadelphia, US

1847- American photographer Thomas Martin Easterly takes the earliest known photograph of lightning using the daguerreotype process in St. Louis, Missouri

1864- Battle of Petersburg: Ulysses S. Grant ends four days of assaults and begins a nine-month siege

1873- Susan B. Anthony fined $100 ($2,200 in 2020 value) for voting for US President in Rochester, New York; she refused t pay and no further action against her was taken

1892- Macadamia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii

1938- Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth is signed as a Brooklyn Dodgers coach for the remainder of the season

1945- William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason

1963- 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school

1967- Closing day of the Monterey International Pop Festival, Southern California. First major US appearances of Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, The Who, and Otis Redding

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On This Day: June 11th

June 11th:

1963 US President JFK says segregation is morally wrong and that it is “time to act”

1987 Margaret Thatcher is 1st British Prime Minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term

1776 Continental Congress creates committee to draft a Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston as members

1793 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick

1876 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidential candidate

1891 Puerto Rican flag adopted

1898 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo, Cuba during the Spanish–American War

1911 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey

1921 Brazil adopts women’s suffrage

1927 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth hits 19th & 20th homers of MLB season record 60 HRs in New York’s 6-4 win over Cleveland Indians at Yankees Stadium

1927 Charles Lindbergh is awarded the 1st Distinguished Flying Cross

1962 US President John F. Kennedy accepts an honorary degree from Yale

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On This Day: June 4th

I’ll be posting a few fun little things that happened on this day in history. I’ll also add my own commentary to the mix now and then as well.

Note: Not all events will be pleasant, but I promise to throw in as many quirky and pleasant ones as I can to balance.

June 4th:

1945- US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany

1989- Eastern Europe’s 1st partial free elections in 40 years held in Poland, Solidarity Party comes to power

781 BC- Oldest Chinese recording of a solar eclipse

1756- Quakers leave assembly of Pennsylvania

1784- Madame Elizabeth Thible becomes the first female balloonist

1824- First free press (without government approval) founded in Australia – the Hobart Town Gazette by ex-convict Andrew Bent [1]

1825- Unseasonable hurricane hits NYC

1875- Pacific Stock Exchange opens

1896- Henry Ford takes his 1st Ford through streets of Detroit

1912- Massachusetts passes 1st US minimum wage law

1928- President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents

1940- Winston Churchill’s speech “We shall fight on the seas and oceans”

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