1965- Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
1940- Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler meet at Brenner Pass where the Italian dictator agrees he will, in due course, join Germany’s impending war effort in the west.
1662- First public bus service begins, promoted by Blaise Pascal, operates in Paris as the “Carosses a Cinq Sous” until 1675
1766- Britain repeals the Stamp Act, which had caused outrage in colonial America and helped lead to the American Revolution
1793- The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
1818- US Congress approves 1st pensions for government service.
1865- Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time.
1877- US President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C.
1895- 200 African Americans leave Savannah, Georgia for Liberia.
1920- Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar.
1922- British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience.
1942- 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox, they are allowed to work out.
My source and more facts at On This Day