1862- Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
1787- The US Constitution is signed by delegates at the Philadelphia Convention
1394- Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
1683- Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria
1849- Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers
1859- James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary
1861- First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).
1862- American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
1947- Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News
1954- “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding is published by Faber and Faber in London
1956- Television is first broadcast in Australia.
1964- “Bewitched” premieres on ABC TV
My source and more facts at On This Day
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