On This Day: September 3rd

September 3rd:

1944- Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

1939- World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada

1189- Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation – Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed

1543- Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland

1697- King William’s War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick

1752- Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives

1777- Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch’s Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War

1791- French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly

1838- Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor

1891- Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas

1916- US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

1929- Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches all time high of 381.17, to be shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.

My source and more facts at On This Day

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