On This Day: July 9th

July 9th:

1868- Louisiana and South Carolina are the last states to ratify the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing civil rights

1893- Daniel Williams repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient, James Cornish, without penicillin or blood transfusion

1755- British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during Battle of Fort Duquesne during French and Indian War

1776- Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington’s troops in New York

1795- James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt

1860- Temperature hits 115°F in Fort Scott and 112°F in Topeka, Kansas

1872- Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine

1955- Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

1981- Nintendo releases arcade game Donkey Kong in Japan (July 31 in the US)

1995- US international postage rates rise to 60 cents per ounce

1996- US Senate approves 90 cent raise to $4.25 minimum wage

2002- The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.

My source and more facts at On This Day

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